Basics

What is a high blood pressure? And why does he start suddenly? That's why this chapter is about the basics.

What does essential hypertension mean?

High blood pressure is divided into two forms: Essential primary hypertension can be caused by hereditary factors and risk factors such as obesity, increased blood lipids, lack of exercise, stress and smoking. About 80% of people with hypertension suffer from this form.

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Measuring blood pressure: When is the blood pressure too high?

When measuring blood pressure, two values ​​are relevant. The first, higher reading indicates the pressure of the blood in the arterial vasculature that prevails when the heart has ejected the blood (systole). The second value is the pressure prevailing in the vascular system when the heart muscle is relaxed (diastole).

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Why was a blood pressure of 100 plus the age considered to be the upper value than normal, whereas today it is much lower values?

It is known today that the upper blood pressure values ​​previously set with the formula 100 plus age are much too high, especially for the elderly, and damage vessels and organ systems such as the heart.

Read more: Why was a blood pressure of 100 plus the age considered to be the upper value as normal, but today much lower values?

   

Are the blood pressure values ​​dependent on the time of day?

Yes, blood pressure typically fluctuates in the 24-hour day, even if you do not do anything special. During the day, the values ​​are generally higher than at night. However, this depends on the daily activities and burdens.

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Is blood pressure lower in summer than in winter?

Yes, that can happen. At high heat, the vessels dilate, so that the blood pressure can drop. Depending on the level of blood pressure drop, it can also cause discomfort such as dizziness, fatigue and weakness.

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Can an elevated blood pressure return by itself?

Within certain limits, permanently elevated blood pressure levels may decline again even without medical therapy - but not on their own. This requires consistent changes in lifestyle habits.

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Is hypertension increasing in the population?

In Germany, there is an increase in overweight already in children and adolescents, so it is also likely that the incidence of hypertension will increase.

Read more: Does high blood pressure in the population increase?

   

Is low blood pressure always healthy?

No, low blood pressure values ​​below 105 and 65 mmHg may also have morbid causes or adverse health effects.

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Are there regional differences in the frequency of occurrence of hypertension in Germany?

Yes, according to the study "Health in Germany" from the year 2009, the incidence of illness among women from eastern federal states is above the national average.

Read more: Are there any regional differences in the incidence of high blood pressure in Germany?

   

High blood pressure

My 10 very personal tips

Too high blood pressure does not hurt. Otherwise he hardly causes any complaints. That may sound reassuring, but that's also a problem.

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What is isolated systolic hypertension?

Blood pressure has the upper (systolic) value and the lower (diastolic) value. There are people in whom only the upper, systolic value is elevated, the other is not. This is called isolated systolic hypertension.

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