The most important questions and answers about travel medicine at a glance

On this portal you will find a list of the most important questions and answerson travel medicine.

We, a team of doctors and patients, are constantly asking more questions and answers.

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What can you do to stay brown longer?

Normally, the top horn cells, which contain the colored pigment melanin, are renewed after exactly four weeks. If you want to outsmart the 30-day cycle of the skin, you can do the following:

Read more: What can be done to stay brown longer?

   

Why does the skin often become stained in the sun?

When sunbathing, some areas of the skin may become more intense brown than others. This is because the skin is different in thickness depending on the body region. In general, the thicker the skin, the slower it will turn brown. In addition, the melanin-producing cells (melanocytes), which form the skin pigment, are not uniformly distributed, which is why the skin turns brown differently.

Read more: Why does the skin often become stained in the sun?

   

Do you need to protect yourself from malaria in Botswana?

Yes. Especially in the north of the country there is a risk of Maria all year round, especially in the rainy months from November to June, when more mosquitoes are on the way.

Read more: Do you need to protect yourself from malaria in Botswana?

   

What is the greatest health risk when traveling to Australia?

The sun. While diarrheal diseases threatening malaria and cholera are found in other distant regions of the world, Australia's biggest health hazard is in the sky.

Read more: What is the greatest health risk when traveling to Australia?

   

Can you get malaria in Australia?

No. Even in the tropical regions of Australia there is no malaria risk. Malaria prophylaxis with tablets is therefore not necessary when traveling to the fifth continent.

Read more: Can you get Malaria in Australia?

   

Namibia trip: Which medications are in the first aid kit?

In principle, when traveling to Namibia is the same as with all trips to southern climes: they should be especially against the sun, to protect against insect bites and against contaminated food. This means for the travel pharmacy:

Read more: Namibia trip: Which medications are in the first aid kit?

   

Does yogurt help with sunburn?

Not really. Although yoghurt can help against the pain for a short time because of its cooling effect, caution is advised: According to experts, the dairy product does not contain any healing-promoting ingredients, but there is a potential danger that the germs in it will increase inflammation. In addition, yogurt may also cause allergic reactions in individual cases.

Read more: Does yogurt help with sunburn?

   

What does Autan actually contain?

Here you have to distinguish between the different Autan products. Most autan mosquito repellent products today contain the active ingredient Icaridin. Two Autan products, namely

Read more: What does Autan actually contain?

   

Do you need to protect yourself from malaria in Namibia?

Yes, but only in some parts of the country and away from the usual tourist routes (apart from Etosha). And sometimes only there in certain seasons. And because you know it now, of course, more detailed, here are the detailed information:

Read more: Do you need to protect yourself from malaria in Namibia?

   

Which vaccinations are required when traveling to Namibia?

If you come directly from Europe, none at all. The situation is different when you come from a country that is declared as a yellow fever area. Then you have to be vaccinated against the yellow fever virus. This affects above all the entire South American continent and large parts of Africa (including Kenya).

Read more: Which vaccinations are required when traveling to Namibia?

   

Which medications increase the risk of sunburn?

There are a number of medicines that significantly increase sensitivity to sunlight. Severe skin reactions or sunburn even at relatively low levels of sunlight are the result.

Read more: Which medications increase the risk of sunburn?

   

What side effects may occur with Vomex or Ratiopharm Travel Tablets?

Both travel tablet ratiopharm® as well as Vomex A® contain the active ingredient dimenhydrinate. The drug inhibits the body's histamine and protects the balance organ in the inner ear - from which the nausea often emanates - from overstimulation.

Read more: What side effects can occur with Vomex or Ratiopharm Travel Tablets?

   

Motion sickness: How does dimenhydrinate work?

Dimenhydrinate develops its action against nausea, primarily via the inner ear. Rather, about a blockage of the body's messenger histamine and its effect on the equilibrium organ in the inner ear. Thus dimenhydrinate is a so-called antihistamine.

Read more: Travel Disease: How Does Dimenhydrinate Work?

   

Is it true that there is also a chewing gum against motion sickness?

Yes, several even. The products Superpep® Travel bubble gum and Travel Gum bubble gum dragees both contain the active ingredient dimenhydrinate.

Read more: Is it true that there is also a chewing gum against motion sickness?

   

Is Vietnam a malaria area?

Yes. However, the risk of getting infected with malaria varies widely, depending on where you are. The big cities of Vietnam are considered malaria free. Also in the coastal areas north of Nha Trang and in the Red River Delta, the risk of malaria is relatively low.

Read more: Is Vietnam a malaria area?

   

Which vaccinations are required when entering Vietnam?

No. At least not if you come directly from Europe. Only if you have been in a yellow fever area within the last six days prior to the Vietnam voyage is a yellow fever vaccine prescribed.

Read more: Which vaccinations are required when entering Vietnam?

   

What is Kala-Azar or the Black disease?

Kala-Azar is a tropical disease transmitted by unicellular protozoa. It causes fever and spleen and liver swelling. Left untreated, kala-azar is often fatal.

Read more: What is Kala-Azar or the Black Disease?

   

How is a sunstroke noticeable?

Signs of sun-stroke include headache, nausea, dizziness, tinnitus, or even vomiting. Mostly the face is very red.

Read more: How is a sunstroke noticeable?

   

How often should you apply sunscreen?

Of course, that depends on how long you stay in the sun. And where you are, how intense the sun's rays are. There is no package recommendation, except to be more careful in case of doubt.

Read more: How often should you apply sunscreen?

   

Sunscreen: Which SPF is the right one?

When choosing the sun protection factor, the skin type must first be taken into account. Skin type I requires a very high sun protection factor, skin type IV needs at least a basic protection.

Read more: Sunscreen: Which SPF is the right one?

   

What can I do to prevent constipation on holiday?

Sometimes even a low-germ village helps, in which you feel comfortable. First clean or disinfect the toilet in your accommodation. In addition, you should not only lie on your lazy skin on holiday, but also move a lot - this also makes the intestine legs.

Read more: What can I do to prevent constipation on vacation?

   

Why do I always have blockages on vacation?

They are probably among the many whose intestines are sensitive to conversion. And there is no shortage of changes when traveling:

Read more: Why do I always have blockages on vacation?

   

When does one have to go to the doctor with diarrhea?

If you have diarrhea for more than three days, you should definitely go to a doctor. Because a "normal" and rather harmless traveler's diarrhea has subsided after three days at the latest.

Read more: When does one have to go to the doctor with diarrhea?

   

Where does the traveler's diarrhea come from?

Typically, traveler's diarrhea is caused by bacterially contaminated foods. So it is a normal defense reaction of the body against unwanted invaders.

Read more: Where does the traveler's diarrhea come from?

   

Why does the stomach go crazy for many people on vacation?

Because the stomach is a habit. On holiday is often much different than at home: other environment, unfamiliar life rhythm, foreign, fatty and spicy foods.

Read more: Why does the stomach go crazy for many people on holiday?

   

What helps against a jet lag?

Jet lag when flying over multiple time zones can not be completely avoided. But after all, there are some tricks on how you can reduce the discomfort in the days after arrival.

Read more: What helps against a jet lag?

   

What is a standby drug in malaria?

These are malaria medications that you only take in an emergency. This means that if you are traveling to a malaria area and you do not want to take a preventative antimalarial drug, then you should have a standby medicine in your luggage.

Read more: What is a standby drug in malaria?

   

Which diseases can mosquitoes transmit?

Especially in the tropics, mosquitoes can transmit some pathogens of infectious diseases that are not to joke with. The best known is the malaria, for which so-called plasmodia are responsible.

Read more: Which diseases can mosquitoes transmit?

   

What to pack when traveling in a mosquito-rich country?

When protecting against mosquito bites, most think primarily of appropriate skin sprays or rubbing agents. But if you're traveling to a high mosquito density area, you'll need more to keep the pests away.

Read more: What to pack when traveling in a mosquito-rich country?

   

How long does an anti-mosquito spray work?

Skin sprays, known as repellents, with the active ingredient DEET (diethyl-m-toluamide) keep insects and spiders off your body for about 3 to 4 hours. Then you should apply the spray again.

Read more: How long does an anti-mosquito spray work?

   

How best to protect yourself from mosquito bites?

Even if you do not holiday in a malaria or yellow fever area, it is worth a good mosquito repellent. At least if those are nearby. If only to save the annoying bites.

Read more: How best to protect yourself from mosquito bites?

   

How useful are medications for travel diarrhea?

The usual anti-diarrheal medications can often alleviate the discomfort, because they almost paralyze the intestine. They do not fight the actual cause of the diarrhea. You should only use these remedies for one or two days if at all.

Read more: How useful are medications for travel diarrhea?

   

What are the main self-help measures for travel diarrhea?

The most important thing is to drink a lot, because when traveling diarrhea, the fluid loss can be immense. But you not only lose water but also minerals. Good are therefore drinks that contain sugar, salt and minerals.

Read more: What are the most important self-help measures for travel diarrhea?

   

What belongs in the first-aid kit for winter holidays?

In addition to the usual home pharmacy and medicines that you need to take regularly, you should especially remember the following things during winter or ski holidays:

Read more: What belongs in the first-aid kit for winter holidays?