The most important questions and answers about sports injuries at a glance

On this portal you will find a list of the most important questions and answerson sports injuries.

We, a team of doctors and patients, are constantly asking more questions and answers.

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Contusion: What do Diclonac ointments or diclofenac gels bring?

Ointments or gels with the active ingredient diclofenac have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. In addition, they have a cooling effect. In that sense, their use makes a certain sense in a bruise. The swelling can go back a little and also the pain.

Read more: Contusion: What do Diclonac ointments or diclofenac gels bring?

   

How is a bruise treated?

A bruise is basically treated in the same way as most other minor injuries:

Read more: How is a bruise treated?

   

What is a bruise?

A bruise is an injury after blunt force. A common cause is a fall in which a body part hits a hard object. The skin typically remains intact when bruised, but underneath it causes tissue damage.

Read more: What is a bruise?

   

What is a sprain?

A sprain is in principle a ligament strain. It is caused by a twist or excessive overstretching of the ligaments of a joint. A typical example: one jumps down somewhere and kinks when he comes up with his foot. Then the ligaments of the ankle are severely over-stretched and stretched and a sprain may be the result.

Read more: What is a sprain?

   

How well do diclofenac ointments or diclofenac gels work?

It depends. Generally, diclofenac ointments or diclofenac gels have an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect. Especially with minor injuries such as sprains, bruises, strains or ligament strains so ointments or gels with the active ingredient diclofenac so be quite helpful. However, this also applies to many other active ingredients, including some herbal.

Read more: How well do Diclofenac ointments or diclofenac gels work?

   

How well do Diclofenac ointments work against sprains?

Diclofenac ointments or diclofenac gels have an anti-inflammatory, ie decongestant, and also relieves pain. In that respect, their use in sprains makes perfect sense. However, there are also several other active substances, including herbal remedies (for example comfrey root).

Read more: How well do Diclofenac ointments work against sprains?

   

What causes the tennis elbow?

The tennis elbow is based on overloading or misuse of the forearm muscles. This leads to irritation of the tendon attachment on the elbow. So there, where the long hand and finger extensor muscles are anchored over their tendons on the outer bony prominence of the humerus.

Read more: What causes the tennis elbow?

   

How is a tennis elbow best treated?

Unfortunately, there is no such thing as a blanket guideline on how the tennis elbow should be handled. The experienced orthopedist or sports physician will include the duration of the illness, the severity of the discomfort, the other (e.g., occupational) stress factors for the elbow and the degree of injury in his therapy recommendation.

Read more: How is a tennis elbow best treated?

   

How long do you have to protect the arm of the tennis elbow?

Sometimes only a few weeks, sometimes much longer. How long you should pause with a tennis elbow with the work or the training, can not say blanket. Various factors play a role, from the duration and severity of the state of irritation on your personal constitution to the nature and strength of the arm load in the profession or sport.

Read more: How long do you have to protect the arm of the tennis elbow?

   

How can I handle a tennis elbow myself?

The self-treatment is not only possible with the tennis elbow, it is even the most important step to permanent healing. These include two things:

  • First, that you avoid activities that trigger the pain.
  • And secondly, that you regularly stretch your forearm muscles intensely. Again and again in between and even more before and after activities that you suspect as triggers.

Read more: How can I treat a tennis elbow myself?

   

Which activities most often lead to a tennis elbow?

At least not playing tennis. Although the tennis elbow occurs frequently in tennis players, hence the naming. However, the athletes make up only about 10% of orthopedic customers with this common symptoms.

Read more: Which activities most often lead to a tennis elbow?

   

Why is stretching so important in the tennis elbow?

In the wide range of treatments of the tennis elbow the self-treatment with daily repeated stretching exercises occupies a special place. Maybe not necessarily for the therapist, who of course puts her own offer in the foreground, with which she finally earns her money. For your forearm muscles, the targeted stretching - in addition to sufficient protection - but very significant.

Read more: Why is stretching so important in the tennis elbow?

   

Does the tennis elbow heal itself?

In most cases: yes. However, the healing of the - often also acquired in the longer term - complaints needs their time. Much depends on how strong and advanced the irritation of the tendons is, how pronounced the symptoms are and how favorable or unfavorable the conditions are. If, for example, the mishandling that has led to the tennis elbow is continued or resumed stoically, the chances of rapid healing diminish.

Read more: Does the tennis elbow heal itself?

   

Does a cruciate ligament tear have to be operated on?

No, in many cases it is also possible to do without an operation. Then you leave the torn cruciate ligament unsealed and reach a stabilization of the knee joint purely via the surrounding muscles. Even so, the everyday mobility of the knee can often be completely restored. However, with surgery and the associated artificial cruciate ligament a greater athletic load capacity is achieved, so that usually always advised to surgery.

Read more: Must a cruciate ligament rupture be operated on?

   

What is the diagnosis of a cruciate ligament tear? What are typical symptoms?

A cruciate ligament rupture is mainly due to acute, severe pain in the affected knee and swelling of the knee joint. Since such symptoms can also occur in other ligament injuries in the knee, a cruciate ligament tear without X-ray or MRI scans is usually not sure to diagnose.

Read more: What is the expression of a cruciate ligament tear? What are typical symptoms?

   

Meniscus rupture: How long does it take to be able to do sports again?

That depends on: In uncomplicated cases, 2-3 weeks after the operation can be light sports again, 6-8 weeks after the knee can usually be heavily loaded again. In more complicated cases, however, it may be that you can never play sports in the same way as before. Mind you: We are talking about normal mortals, not high-performance athletes. Everything is a little faster.

Read more: Meniscus Rupture: How long does it take to be able to do sports again?

   

How long does it take for my leg to be fully loaded after an Achilles tendon tear?

After an Achilles tendon rupture, it usually takes at least twelve weeks until the leg can be loaded again athletically. Competitive sports are usually only allowed again after six months.

Read more: How long does it take for my leg to be fully loaded again after an Achilles tendon rupture?

   

How long is disabled after a meniscus operation?

That depends on the extent of the operation. And also on the type of occupation. If only a so-called partial resection (only a small part of the meniscus removed), you can go back to work after about a week as a desk sergeant.

Read more: How long is disabled after a meniscus operation?

   

What is a knee joint orthosis?

An orthosis is an adjustable splint. At the knee, she sometimes looks like a bandage from the outside, which runs from the middle of the thigh to the middle of the lower leg, depending on the type of product. Within this bandage but are stable rails that can be adjusted. Often, however, the orthosis consists only of several interconnected bandage straps, the knee itself remains free at the front.

Read more: What is a knee joint orthosis?

   

How do you recognize that the Achilles tendon is torn?

Often, the noise is a hint enough: When the Achilles tendon tears, there is usually a clearly audible "bang".In addition, the tear of the Achilles tendon is very painful.

Read more: How do you recognize that the Achilles tendon is torn?

   

What happens if the meniscus is missing?

Without meniscus you can live on without pain. In the long term, however, the lack of a small shock absorber can be a problem. It is missing then practically the cushioning in the knee and the joint surfaces rub more or less directly to each other. This leads to permanent arthrosis.

Read more: What happens if the meniscus is missing?

   

How long does it take to be able to do sports again after a hamstring?

Of course, that depends on which muscle is affected and how severe the injury was, that is, how many muscle fibers are ruptured. But generally one can assume that after about 3-6 weeks again a full load of the affected muscle is possible. In the professional area often much faster healing times are achieved. This is due to the optimal and very intensive sports medical care there, so it can not be transferred to us normal mortals.

Read more: How long does it take to be able to do sports again after a torn muscle fiber?

   

Is it possible to replace a meniscus artificially?

Yes, through a transplant. Similar to other transplants, this is only possible if a suitable graft, in this case a donor meniscus, is available. There are their own tissue banks, but they have waiting lists similar to hearts or kidneys. Your treating physician can provide you with further information as needed.

Read more: Is it possible to artificially replace a meniscus?

   

Can a meniscus regrow?

No. This is why meniscus surgery has the basic rule, "extract as few meniscus as possible". Often it is not necessary to remove the entire meniscus from a meniscal tear, but only part of it. In 10-15% of cases, you can even repair a meniscal tear so that you can do without any tissue removal. However, this succeeds, if at all, more in young people.

Read more: Can a meniscus regrow again?

   

When can the leg be fully loaded again after meniscal surgery?

It depends on the type of injury and the type of surgery. For example, if only a small part of the meniscus has been removed, it is usually possible to return home on the day of the procedure and you do not need a splint, often even crutches. In that case you can do sports again after about two weeks.

Read more: When can the leg be fully loaded again after meniscal surgery?

   

How can the doctor diagnose meniscal damage?

Based solely on the reported subjective complaints and with the manual examination of the knee, the "suspected diagnosis of meniscus damage" can usually be made quite certain. From the genesis (sudden onset of pain during sports?) You can also deduce whether it is more likely to wear a tear or an acute meniscal tear.

Read more: How can the doctor diagnose meniscal damage?

   

Which sports are particularly stressful for the meniscus?

Injuries of the meniscus are caused either by acute over-rotation of the knee or by long-term, gradual wear. Degenerative meniscal damage is often also professional. Above all, who has to squat a lot is endangered in the long run. Tiler for example.

Read more: Which sports particularly burden the meniscus?

   

What symptoms causes a meniscal tear?

To say it straight away: Not every injury or injury to the meniscus is a rupture. There are also numerous painful irritations or partial injuries, in which the meniscus quite unpleasant to speak, without being torn. The actual meniscal tear, however, usually causes quite severe discomfort. At least when it suddenly arises, so as an accident.

Read more: What are the symptoms of a meniscal tear?

   

What exactly does the meniscus in the knee do?

The meniscus is a flat, crescent-shaped cartilage disc in the knee joint. Of these, there are always two for each joint, which is why we often speak in the plural form of the Menisci. There is an inner meniscus and an outer meniscus. All in all, we have four menisci (assuming we have not been removed yet).

Read more: What exactly does the meniscus do in the knee?

   

What to do against a bruise

Each of us has had a bruise before. A push against the edge of the table, a kick against the shin in team sport, the bruise is already there. Doctors speak of a hematoma (note: even simple words can be translated in Latin or in this case Greek). But how to best get rid of the hematoma?

Read more: What to do to prevent a bruise

   

How long does it take for a ligament strain (ligament strain), until you can do normal sports again?

A ligament extension is usually over relatively quickly.If you protect the affected joint at the beginning consistently (and if possible with an elastic bandage immobilize), the whole thing may be halfway through after a few days. However, this varies depending on the extent of the ligament strain.

Read more: How long does it take for a ligament strain (ligament strain), until you can do normal sports again?

   

How is a ligament strain treated?

With a ligament dilation is up to cooling (in the acute stage) and immobilization not much to do. Surgical or other invasive procedures are not necessary.

Read more: How is a ligament strain treated?

   

What do you test with the "drawer test"?

The drawer test is used by doctors to detect a cruciate ligament tear. More specifically, there are two different drawer tests: one for the anterior cruciate ligament and one for the posterior cruciate ligament.

Read more: What do you test with the "drawer test"?

   

How can the doctor distinguish a ligament strain from a ligament tear?

You can not x-ray tapes. That means, you can already x-ray them, but you usually will not see anything, because ligaments can not be visualized in X-rays. The doctor must therefore make the diagnosis without imaging aids.

Read more: How can the physician differentiate a ligament strain from a ligament tear?

   

Is it possible to differentiate a ligament extension and a torn ligament based on the swelling?

Yes, with a trained eye already. At least in many cases. There is swelling in both ligament contraction and ligament rupture, but this is much more pronounced in ligament rupture.

Read more: Is it possible to differentiate a ligament extension and a torn ligament based on the swelling?

   

What are common causes of ligament strain?

Ligament extension is the precursor of a ligament tear. The causes are therefore basically the same as the torn ligament, only that the force on the band (luckily) is lower.

Read more: What are common causes of ligament strain?

   

How can one recognize at the initial examination, that a sideband at the knee is torn?

The sidebands on the knee stabilize the knee joint in the extended state. It is good to try for yourself that the knee becomes practically immobile when the leg is stretched, that is taut.

Read more: How can one recognize during the initial examination that a side ligament is torn at the knee?

   

What is the most common cause of lateral ligament injuries to the knee (inner band, outer band)?

The sidebands on the knee (there is one on the inside and one on the outside) stabilize the knee joint when stretched. And it is precisely in this condition that they are also the most sensitive, because they are then completely streamlined.

Read more: What is the most common cause of lateral ligament injuries to the knee (inner band, outer band)?

   

How does a cruciate ligament tear typically develop?

Apart from pre-existing signs of wear and also a certain susceptibility to this injury, there is a typical movement that causes a cruciate ligament to break: a hard change of direction in the midst of movement.

Read more: How does a cruciate ligament tear typically develop?

   

What is the difference between a ligament strain and a ligament strain?

There is no. Ligament Strain and Ligament Strain are just two different names for one and the same injury.

Read more: What is the difference between a ligament strain and a ligament strain?